The ValleyWatch video
Located about 150 kilometers south of the Metropolitan Region, the Colchagua Valley, like many of Chile's most productive areas
of the wine industry, is especially renowned for its red varietals.
The area of the Colchagua Valley, a word that means "place of small lagoons" was the southern boundary of the Inca empire and later became the place chosen by the families of the Chilean oligarchy to build large mansions, some of which They are still standing.
Colchagua is one of the transverse valleys of the central zone of Chile, whose lands are bathed by the waters of the river Tinguiririca and where the cities of San Fernando and Santa Cruz are located, two of the most important of the Sixth Region, and some localities Of great tourist interest, like Chimbarongo, Lolol or Pichilemu. The Colchagua Valley has several international awards, being distinguished in 2005 as the "Wine Region of the Year" of the specialized magazine Wine Enthusiast. The prize was awarded for the excellent quality of the land, a perfect micro climate for the cultivation of grapes such as Cabernet Sauvignon, which represents an important part of the total vineyards of the valley, in addition to the famous lost variety of Europe, the Carmenere, Unique in the world. Among the reds of the zone, also emphasizes the Syrah.“Is the paradise of the red wines”
Chile wine country
What makes the difference?
The Mediterranean climate of Chile presents the warm and dry summers and the cold and rainy winters that so much like the vines. The growing season is generous is bright and sunny days and temperatures that decrease strongly at night. Grapevines need this broad daily thermal oscillation to develop fresh fruit flavors, crisp acidity and, in the case of red wines, a deep color, ripe tannins and high levels of antioxidants.
It is not a mere accident that Chile's climate is so perfect for viticulture. The vineyards are heavily influenced by the cooling effect of the Pacific Ocean and the Humboldt Current. It begins in the frigid waters near Antarctica, and flows north along the western coast of South America. Interestingly, the effect of the collision of the Humboldt cold stream with the coastline of northern Chile produces clouds and fog, but little or no precipitation (contributing, incidentally, to making the Atacama desert one of the driest on earth ).
A unique geography and natural barriers, such as the Atacama Desert in the north, the Andes Mountains in the east, the Patagonian Ice Fields and the Antarctic in the south, and the Pacific Ocean and the Coastal Range in the West, protect Chilean vineyards from pests and give rise to a wide range of soil types. This vast mosaic of terroirs makes possible the elaboration of a great diversity of fine wines in all the price ranges.